Ketoconazole (Nizoral)

Ketoconazole (Nizoral)Nizoral (ketoconazole 2%) shampoo can be used to promote hair growth and also slow down hair loss in some patients. Nizoral is a popular product that is usually used to treat dandruff as well as a variety of skin fungal infections.

How Does it Work?

Nizoral utilizes an antifungal action that is used to treat and eliminate a number of inflammatory and fungal conditions of skin including seborrheic dermatitis, dandruff and tinea versicolor.

Back in 1998, the Swiss journal “Dermatology” published a study that compared the overall efficacies of 2% ketoconazole shampoo along with a shampoo containing 2% minoxidil.  The results of the study showed both the 2% ketoconazole and the 2% minoxidil are effective in stimulating hair growth. In fact, both of them not only increased the density of hair but they also increased the population and size of the hair follicles during the growth phase of the hair cycle.

In terms of how the Nizoral stops hair loss, the 2% ketoconazole solution that is present in the Nizoral has been shown as being effective in reducing scalp inflammation. Ketoconazole also has a strong anti-androgen property which is responsible for blocking or inhibition of androgen (testosterone and DHT) receptors.

Nizoral could be used by itself or in combination with finasteride and minoxidil for hair loss treatment or to slow down the process of balding in men or women with male patterned baldness. Nizoral can also be used after a hair transplant to slow down the risk of further hair loss in non-transplanted areas and to minimize the risk of shock loss after hair transplants.

Side Effects

A number of milder skin irritations can result from the application of Nizoral thanks to some of the inactive ingredients in the shampoo and also the ketoconazole itself. Nizoral can also result in some chemical irritations if it comes into contact with any mucosal surfaces of the body.

Finally, people who use Nizoral shampoo on a regular basis need to be aware of a number of reactions that have been reported by others who use the product. A list of these reactions include dry skin, rashes, itchiness, burning sensations, contact dermatitis, loss of hair, discolored hair, dry or oily hair and abnormal hair texture.